Operational Problems of Water Distribution Network

Course Outlines

Upon the successful completion of this course, participants will be able to:

  • Reinforce participants’ knowledge in the field of Operational Problems of Water Distribution Network
  • Familiarize participants with issues causing problems in distribution systems
  • Upgrade drawing interpretation in GIS Maps and inventory of pipes and fittings in the water supply system
  • Give the participant the skills required to Diagnose the failure in Water Distribution Network
  • Learn how to Maintain different types of Water Distribution network
  • Learn how to define Leakage of water and Causes and how to deal with Unauthorized connections,
  • Learn up-to-date know how to approach resolving the Operational Problems in Water Distribution Network

Course language

  • will be Bilingual (English/Arabic)

Course Program

The following program is planned for this course. However, the course instructor(s) may modify this program during the course for technical reasons or participants feedback with no prior notice to participants. Nevertheless, the course objectives will always be met:

The training course will be limited to Three (03) Days full time (From 08:00 am to 13:00am).

-Water system components -Water treatment plant ( water desalination plant ) -Water Pumping stations

Lifting pumping station

Booster pumping station

-Water hammering protection systems -Reservoirs -Transmission mains -City tanks -Distribution mains -Water networks

Junctions ,

Pipes ,

Zones and Districts

-Fire fighting elements -Different types of water Valves :

Isolation valves

Directional valves

Altitude valves

Air release valve and vacuum breaker

Breaking valves

Control valves ( PRV )

Control switches

– Classification of water networks,

Branched networks

Looped networks

Zoning networks

– Water network pipe materials & fittings,

Ductile iron

Plastic (HDPE/PVC)



Residential (copper or plastic)

Water network fittings

– Design and operation of service reservoirs

Shapes and configurations

Depth of water

Flow pattern

Water age

– GIS Maps and inventory of pipes and fittings in the water supply system,

GIS fundamentals

Keys to successful implementation

GIS analysis and visualization

– Normal operation, issues causing problems in distribution systems,

Adjusting pressure zones boundaries

Taking a tank off-line

Shutting down a section from the system

Power outages

Water distribution system flushing

Disinfectant residuals and right injection

Emergency operation

– Diagnostic of Water Distribution Network

Inspection procedures for water networks


– Low and Excessive pressure, appropriate pressure,

Identifying the problem

Modeling the existing pressure

Finding closed valves

Solving the problem

Low fire flow problems

– Leakage of water and causes,

Leakage control

Leakage detection

Pipe Leakage treatment

– Unauthorized connections,

Categories of illegal usage cases

Practical reduction of illegal use of water

Identification and investigation of illegal use cases

Steps to be taken for identified illegal cases

Technical corrective or preventive interventions for the different illegal connections

– Maintenance type of Water Distribution network,

Different types of maintenance

Run to failure

Preventive maintenance

Predictive and proactive maintenance

– Maintenance problems

Hygienic water-quality problems

Aesthetic water-quality problems

Hydraulic deficiencies

Structural performance problems


– New approach to resolve Operational Problems in Water Distribution Network

Controlling Water Distribution Networks

What is Water Network Monitoring?

Monitoring for Sustainability

Smart Metering

The Future: Smart Water Networks

– Health related design and operation checklist

Pipe network

Service reservoirs

Controlling disinfectant residuals

Zoning networks

Material of construction and pipe location

Cross – connections and backflow

Code Total DatesVenue
WN 040 30hr 2015-04-12 Sharm Elshiek-Egypt

Prof. Sadek Zakaria Kassabs

Professor, Alexandria University